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Treatment of STDs: how to recognize their causes?

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), also called sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are contracted from another person through sexual contact. Each year, more than 20 million Americans are infected with one of more than 20 known types of STDs/STIs; of these, about half are under the age of 24.

There are many questions we would like answered regarding STDs. What are they? How do you know if you have contracted one? What treatments are suggested? In the article, all the information to help you understand this broad problem, which includes pathologies of sexual origin that are very different from each other.

Common STDs causes

It is usually the bacteria and viruses that grow and proliferate in warm-humid places in our bodies that cause STDs. With sexual intercourse, these are transmitted from one person to another through contact between the penis, vagina, mouth or anus. The infections that come to originate, can be minor or very painful, and in some cases can even compromise the very life of the infected patient.

Spread between people occurs through bodily fluids (semen, vaginal fluids), during vaginal, oral, or anal sex. In some cases, certain STDs are transferred through infected blood, as in the case of people sharing infected needles for drug use. In the case of an infected mother, transmission to the baby can occur during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding. No problem instead for casual contacts: shaking hands, exchanging clothes or sharing a toilet seat are not “typical” cases of infection of sexually transmitted diseases.

Who is most at risk?

Having said that anyone can get an STD, the most susceptible individuals are adolescents and young adults, given the likelihood of having multiple sexual partners and less ability or knowledge to prevent such problems. In addition, regular users of hard drugs who use infected needles are at high risk.

Symptoms in Men

STDs are often asymptomatic, but in some cases male patients may experience the following symptoms:

  • Burning or itching in the penis
  • A drip (discharge) from the penis
  • Pain around the pelvis
  • Sores, bumps, or blisters on the penis, anus, or mouth
  • Burning and pain with urine or bowel movements
  • Having to go to the bathroom often

Symptoms in Women

  • Burning/itching in the vagina
  • Vaginal discharge and bleeding
  • Pelvic pain
  • Pain in depth during sexual intercourse
  • Sores, bumps, or blisters in the vagina, anus, or mouth
  • Burning and pain with urine or bowel movements
  • Need to go to the bathroom often
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